Don't take it from me: literature overview of arguments against the flatness problem


Several authors (including myself) have made claims, none of which has been convincingly rebutted, that the flatness problem, as formulated by Dicke and Peebles, is not really a problem but rather a misunderstanding. In particular, we all agree that no fine-tuning in the early Universe is needed in order to explain the fact that there is no strong departure from flatness, neither in the early Universe nor now. Nevertheless, the flatness problem is still widely perceived to be real, since it is still routinely mentioned in papers and books as an outstanding (in both senses) problem in cosmology. Most of the arguments against the idea of a flatness problem are based on the change with time of the density parameter Ω and normalized cosmological constant λ (often assumed to be zero before there was strong evidence that it has a non-negligible positive value) and, since the Hubble constant $H$ is not considered, are independent of timescale. In addition, taking the timescale into account, it is sometimes claimed that fine-tuning is required in order to produce a Universe which neither collapsed after a short time nor expanded so quickly that no structure formation could take place. None of those claims is correct, whether or not the cosmological constant is assumed to be zero. Since I have been at most moderately successful in convincing the community of the lack of existence of the flatness problem, I highlight some similar claims from various authors better known than myself.

The links below points to one file containing the complete text, all figures and tables etc.

  • PDF file (poster)
  • PDF file (slide from two-minute flash talk)
    directory of individual short descriptions of papers
    Phillip Helbig's publications
    Phillip Helbig's research
    Phillip Helbig's home page
    last modified on Monday, November 14, 2022 at 10:48:37 AM by (remove animal to reply)